The spots on the skin do not always tend to be related to acne, they can also be caused by a skin condition called melasma. This is one of the most common injuries among girls, since its causes can very easily occur in our day to day. To prevent their appearance or treat them in time, we will reveal some of the basic tips that you must take into account regarding melasma.
What is melasma?
Dr. Xavier Sánchez, dermatologist and specialist in aesthetic medicine in Barcelona, explained that melasma is “an alteration of skin pigmentation consisting of the appearance of dark brown or grayish-brown spots, including some bluish, usually on the face and with a characteristic distribution in areas exposed to the sun“.
Melasma tends to be caused primarily by a variety of factors, such as genetic predisposition, sun exposure, hormonal changes caused by contraceptives or pregnancy, irritations by cosmetics and drugs. All of these can jointly affect and promote the appearance of these spots over time.
Normally they tend to appear on the cheeks with a series of spots in the colors that we mentioned earlier. So that, If you notice these lesions and they are not related to acne breakouts, melasma may start to develop on your skin. Learn how to treat or prevent it in time in a successful way.
How to prevent melasma?
One of the most common causes of melasma among girls is the sun’s rays, so une of the main ways to prevent this condition on the face is to avoid the maximum direct incidence of the sun. Similarly, it is recommended to use high protection sunscreens and wear glasses, caps or hats that help take care of the area.
wear protective clothing is another way to minimize the harmful effects of the sun on the body, as well as avoid the central hours of the day where the rays increase their intensity. On the other hand, if you notice that your cosmetics are starting to cause irritation or allergies, It is necessary that you suspend the use of these to prevent the appearance of your face from worsening.
If you think that the appearance of melasma may be related to hormones, It is necessary that you go to specialist doctors so that you can control the pigments that may accumulate on your face in time. These can even identify the same if it is a genetic predisposition.
How to treat melasma?
There are various treatments that help treat melasma, but all of these must go hand in hand with specialists in the area. In mild cases, melasma can be prevented with some products, such as depigmenting creams, recommended by dermatologists and the use of the previous tips to prevent it from continuing to expand throughout the face. However, in severe cases it is advisable to use the following treatments:
- laser technology: It is one of the main options to reduce the dark aspects of the face, but these include a series of sessions to achieve the desired results.
- the peeling: consists of a deep exfoliation that helps reduce dark tones, unify and improve the texture of the area.
- Facial mesotherapy: It is a treatment that is carried out with micro-needling to combat stains, while combining the use of LED Light or Carboxytherapy.
Melasma can cause an increase in spots on the face over time, so it is very important that you always protect your face, especially from the sun’s rays. Remember to maintain a specific routine indicated by your trusted dermatologist.
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